Click here for a general explanation of how to add a factor

**General Factor**

Add or subtract the same score for all students

**1.** Adding/subtracting points**2. **100% refers to the maximum score defined in the original set of grades. Check, in order to enable a higher final score, or, in the event of a reduction in order to allow for a score reduction for the candidate who received 100%**3.** Check in order to round up a final score for an integer (the rounding will be according to the rounding rules used by the institution)**Please note**: No score is less than 0

**Relative (**

**percent**

**)**

**Factor****1. **Please note: enter a number greater than 100% for a positive factor and less than 100% for a negative one**2. **Checking the box will allow, if a negative factor is chosen, to reduce the score even for students who originally received 100% of the score

**Multiplication by % and Adding points Factor**

**Using the formula, for example: **75*0.85+17=80.75

**Average**** and Standard Deviation Factor**

Determining the desired average and standard deviation, the system will calculate the grades again according to the highlighted formula:

**Please note**: this factor may reduce high scores

**Square root then multiplication by 10 Factor**

**Left-skewed distribution**

**The formula for calculation**:** √X*10**X = Grade before Factor

**Enter your own Excel Formula Factor**

**Factor by user-defined Excel formula**

Enter the Excel formula with the word 'grade' representing the score variable (without a '=' sign at the beginning)